PICS Seminar: Eliot Young (SwRI)
Tuesday, December 05, 2017 at 12:30pm to 1:30pm
Building 54, 517
21 AMES ST, Cambridge, MA 02139
"Listening for Bolides: Infrasound Detection of Small Earth Impactors"
The Earth's atmosphere acts as a witness plate for incoming meteors. Flashes from bolides are reported at rates of a few per month (https://cneos.jpl.nasa.gov/fireballs/), and the infrasound disturbances produced by impactors have been sensed by ground-based microphone arrays over vast distances. In principle, the detection of these events can help us characterize the small end of the Near Earth Object (NEO) population.
In September 2016 and July 2017 we flew infrasound instrumentation on balloons and coordinated those flights with ground-based explosions. Our expectation was that infrasound signals would have reduced amplitudes in the stratosphere (roughly proportional to the square root of the ambient pressure), but, despite that attenuation, the signal-to-noise would be much better from balloon-borne platforms than from the ground. The lack of wind noise on the balloon platform greater reduces the background (compared to the ground-based case), and the stratospheric duct should propagate infrasound signals effectively. Both of our balloon-borne experiments detected signals over large distances. We will discuss the details of the measured SNRs from balloons vs. ground-based sensors and the prospects for detection of bolides.
About the Series
The MIT Planetary Lunch Colloquium Series [PlCS] is a weekly seminar series organized within the EAPS department. Colloquia topics span the range of research interests of the department's planetary sciences research program. The seminars usually take place on Tuesdays from 12-1:30 pm in 54-517 unless otherwise noted (term-time only). Speakers include members of the MIT community and visitors. Talks are intended to appeal to graduate students, postdocs, research scientists, and faculty with a background in planetary science. A light lunch is provided.