MIT-Harvard-MSR COMBINATORICS SEMINAR
Wednesday, September 14, 2022 at 4:15pm to 5:15pm
MIT - Math Dept., // MIT Building 2, Room 132
Speaker: Patricia Klein (Texas A&M University)
Title: Alternating sign matrix varieties
Matrix Schubert varieties, introduced by Fulton in the '90s, are affine varieties that "live above" Schubert varieties in the complete flag variety. They have many desirable algebro-geometric properties, such as irreducibility, Cohen--Macaulayness, and easily-computed dimension. They also enjoy a close connection with the symmetric groups and have multidegrees that can be computed from pleasing combinatorial formulas.
Alternating sign matrix (ASM) varieties, introduced by Weigandt just several years ago, are generalizations of matrix Schubert varieties in two senses: (1) ASM varieties are unions of matrix Schubert varieties, and (2) the defining equations of ASM varieties are determined by ASMs, which are generalizations of permutation matrices. ASMs have a rich history in enumerative combinatorics as the focus of the ASM conjecture, and they appear in statistical mechanics as the 6-vertex lattice model. Although ASMs have a robust combinatorial underpinning and although their irreducible components are matrix Schubert varieties, they are nevertheless much more difficult to get a handle on than matrix Schubert varieties themselves. In this talk, we will define ASMs, compare and contrast them with matrix Schubert varieties, and state some open problems.
This talk includes work by four undergraduates: Hao and Kendall as well as MIT's own Axelrod-Freed and Luo.
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